Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Similar to Staghorn sumac but shorter. Smooth Sumac has none of the hair on the leaves. Smooth sumac often grows in stands and seems to like sunny banks. Roots produced a yellow dye and a light-yellow dye could be made from the pulverized pulp of stems. Its leaves are smooth, broad and pinnately compound with smooth margins. A thicket of smooth sumac retained some of its berries in January, though most of them were gone. smooth sumac. Sumac species tend to be regional.  The fruit is sour and contains a large seed, but can be chewed (to alleviate thirst) and made into a lemonad-like drink. at Antelope House in Canyon de Chelly and from at least 2,000 years ago at Puebloan sites across the Four Corners area. Smooth sumac is not poisonous. Flower Description: Clusters of flowers are small, yellow-green and each flower forms into a berry on the erect cluster. Be careful to select the right species of Rhus, for many are highly poisonous. Mitton: Smooth sumac’s deep red berries are edible, but its leaves poisonous Plant was an important source of food, medicine, weaving materials and dyes The poisonous oil could be on the shovel, so washing it will prevent you from accidentally touching it later on and getting a rash. Please note: the non-poisonous Sumac yields clusters of red berries and is extremely common throughout the Adirondacks (and completely harmless). Smooth sumac (R. glabra) is scattered statewide. Key facts for identification: Grows up to 20 feet tall; Has red stems Both of these common species usually grow in groups of small trees, actually clonal colonies from a single spreading rootstock. A thicket of smooth sumac retained some of its berries in January, though most of them were gone. U.S. Weed Information; Rhus glabra . The dark green summer foliage turns an excellent yellow to orange-red-purple combinations in fall. Outstand-ing red fall color. Tannins extracted from leaves produce a brown dye. Poisonous variety of sumac. Interspersed throughout the bush are cones of petite red berries that add a wonderful splash of color. Smooth, Staghorn, and Fragrant sumac are three of the most common species of Rhus, which not only resembled each other, but were used similarly. Young twigs could be plucked from a shrub, peeled and eaten as a crunchy salad. Most strikingly, they share a trait that draws much attention to them in autumn: extremely colorful fall foliage. Flameleaf or shining sumac, Rhus copallina, has more orange and red color in fall and the leaves are smooth and shiny on the top side, as the name implies. A surprising range of pigments were extracted from sumac for dyeing baskets and blankets. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Sister plants: Sweet Sumac(h), Fragrant Sumac, Sweet-Scented Sumac (Rhus aromatica, ANACARDIACEAE); root bark; incontinence or urine (enuresis), hematuria, leucorrhea, diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, cystitis, night-sweats, menorrhagia. This variety is called Toxicodendron vernix (previously called Rhus vernix). Staghorn sumac’s fruit is held in tighter clusters than those of smooth sumac. Chemical defenses in the leaves of sumacs are diverse and potent. Tea prepared from leaves was used to treat asthma and diarrhea. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. Aromatic sumac is shorter: it only grows up to 6 feet tall. Beginners at plant identification can easily confuse poison sumac and non-rash-causing types of sumac such as staghorn sumac.Indeed, the plants are related. Smooth Sumac is a deciduous shrub that has short, crooked, trunks with charming, dark green leaves laid out in a symmetrical pattern along the branches. Discover the fulfilling senior assisted lifestyle at AltaVita Assisted Living! The leaves of poison sumac differ in being hairless and shiny with smooth margins. Its leaves are especially attractive because they are much lighter on the underside than on the top surface. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The answer to the question is “Yes and No.” Yes, poison sumac does exist and no, not all sumac is poisonous. Unlike winged sumac, it lacks flattened leafy “wings” along the central stems of the compound leaves. Neither staghorn nor smooth sumac are harmful to skin. Poisonous variety of sumac. ", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T124270038A135957581.en, An Ancient Residue Metabolomics-Based Method to Distinguish Use of Closely Related Plant Species in Ancient Pipes, Non-tobacco plant identified in ancient pipe for first time, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhus_glabra&oldid=984165556, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 16:00. I figured that you may also have to someday figure out the difference so here is what I found to help you identify the difference (please not I am not an expert and I highly recommend that you err on the side of caution unless you are 100% sure): The flowers are tiny, green, produced in dense erect panicles 10–25 cm (4–10 in) tall, in the spring, later followed by large panicles of edible crimson berries that remain throughout the winter. Poison ivy (either the Eastern or Western variety) can be found virtually everywhere in the United States and as far north as the Canadian border, whereas poison oak sticks pretty much to the Pacific Northwest and the entire South. Juice extracted from roots was believed to cure warts. Adding to the confusion is the fact that the three poisonous plants inhabit many of the same areas. They remind me of the Native Americans that first occupied this land, simply because they were such important sources of food, medicines, weaving materials and dyes. Poison Sumac is not so prevalent in the Piedmont region of NC and is even less so in the Mountains. In the northeast the staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina, synonym: Rhus hirta) predominates. Sumac species are dioecious, meaning that a plant is either male or female. smooth sumac. Rhus glabra, the smooth sumac, (also known as white sumac, upland sumac, or scarlet sumac) is a species of sumac in the family Anacardiaceae, native to North America, from southern Quebec west to southern British Columbia in Canada, and south to northern Florida and Arizona in the United States and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico. Poison Sumac is a notorious plant due to the rashes they form but most people don't know much else about them. Poison Sumac contrasts with other sumacs by having shorter leaves that aren't as elongated and are smooth around the edges. Smooth sumac is well known for its brilliant red fall foliage and its deep red berries. Sumac is a fairly common plant, and you were probably taught for years that it is poisonous and should be avoided. Smooth sumac is not poisonous. Poison sumac is a shrub or small tree differentiated from the common sumac, staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) growing along U.S. highways and roads in USDA zones 4 through 8, by its leaves and berries. Poison sumac is a deciduous tree or shrub with an open form. Burn sumac wood only if you are certain it is not poison sumac, and only under certain controlled circumstances. Smooth sumac is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. In late summer it sometimes forms galls on the underside of leaves, caused by the parasitic sumac leaf gall aphid, Melaphis rhois. Outstand-ing red fall color. As this specialist feeds it drills many tiny holes in the leaves. It is a woody shrub that grows three to six feet tall in the Rocky Mountains, but 10 to 20 feet tall elsewhere. 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Sumac grows prolifically in many parts of the U.S. Staghorn and smooth sumac may be seen in landscapes, but are also found in woodlands and along roadsides. The leaves of this plant have an oval or oblong shape, tapering to a wedge or point on each end. Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. Similar Images . Male flowers have five petals and five yellow anthers, with a ring of nectaries below the anthers to reward pollinators. This drink is made by soaking the drupes in cool water, rubbing them to extract the essence, straining the liquid through a cotton cloth, and sweetening it. It typically reaches about 6 metres (20 feet) in height. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) is a small tree that has loose fruit clusters and smooth bark. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. Poison sumac has clusters of waxy, hairless, whitish berries that are suspended UNDER the branches, like grapes. Sumac species tend to be regional. A trilobata leaf develops as three completely separated lobes, while a glabra leaf is compound, 1 to 2 feet long, with 11 to 31 pointed leaflets per leaf — these remind me of the leaves of ferns. Sumac family, its foliage layout is similar to staghorn sumac.The leaves grow in groups of 7 to 13 per stem. Both glabra and trilobata have rhizomes that send up young stems and this form of asexual reproduction produces clones of sumac. Its leaves are especially attractive because they are much lighter on the underside than on the top surface. The galls are not harmful to the tree. CLICK HERE TO TURN ON NOTIFICATIONS. The fruit is persistent on the shrub into winter. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. Leaves are alternate, feather-compound, 12–16 inches long, with 15–23 leaflets; central leaf-stem smooth, lacking wings; leaflets with tip pointed, base rounded, margins coarsely toothed; upper surface dark green, shiny; lower surface lighter to conspicuously white, smooth; broken leaves exude a white sticky sap. The sides of the leaf may appear wavy or smooth, but will not have the jagged "tooth" appearance of some non-poisonous sumac trees. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Smooth sumac and fragrant sumac have always been conspicuous in the fall, but now they seem more apparent to me. A sumac plant is a type of small tree or shrub with compound leaves, milky sap, and fleshy fruit.. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. Mitton: Smooth sumac’s deep red berries are edible, but its leaves poisonous Plant was an important source of food, medicine, weaving materials and dyes Rhus glabra L. – smooth sumac Subordinate Taxa. Shining sumac is easily identified by its grooved stems between the leaflets. Species with red berries, including smooth and fragrant sumac, produce edible berries, while species with white berries, including poison ivy, have poisonous berries. Bud Size - Small, round-ovoid with leaf scar almost Usually grows in masses and suckers profusely. Now, however, we are getting back to discovering the truth behind this plant. The leaves vary widely by species, but most are hairy and have toothed or finely cut leaves. Poison sumac also differs in that it rarely grows in dense, pure stands, and it inhabits swamps. An extremely poisonous plant, contact with its leaves and stems can cause severe itching and swelling in humans. Non-poisonous sumac has red berries. See more ideas about Sumac, Poisonous plants, Poison. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape.