Egyptian civilization and Sudanese kingdoms have depended on the river since ancient times. آدي وش الضيف، يعني وشه اللى بيكرهوه و أديه رحل عنهم و مش حا يرجع. Below the confluence with the Blue Nile the only major tributary is the Atbara River, roughly halfway to the sea, which originates in Ethiopia north of Lake Tana, and is around 800 kilometers (500 mi) long. While most Egyptians still live in the Nile valley, the 1970 completion of the Aswan High Dam ended the summer floods and their renewal of the fertile soil, fundamentally changing farming practices. To overvalue (securities), especially through deceptive accounting. The calculations were enabled by accurate monthly inflow data collected for 50 years. 1696–1698, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020 (, Although the ancestral Sahara Desert initially developed at least 7 million years ago, it grew during interglacial periods and shrank during glacial ones. ", "Remarkable Events in the Life of the River Nile", Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile, "Big Canal To Change Course of Nile River", "For Thousands of Years, Egypt Controlled the Nile. The limpidity and lustre of a precious stone, especially a diamond. (figuratively, in the plural or in singular) A state of affairs; conditions; usually with an adjective indicating an adverse condition. (India and Japan) One of the five basic elements (see Wikipedia article on the Classical elements). Irrigation, navigation and other needs were considered. Below Renk the White Nile enters Sudan, it flows north to Khartoum and meets the Blue Nile. With British Forces in Egypt in the First World War and the inter-war years, river steamers provided both security and sightseeing to the Pyramids and Thebes. For the remaining part it flows merely westerly through the Murchison Falls until it reaches the very northern shores of Lake Albert where it forms a significant river delta. An unending source of sustenance, it played a crucial role in the development of Egyptian civilization. To pour water into the soil surrounding (plants). It was ultimately Welsh-American explorer Henry Morton Stanley who confirmed Speke's discovery, circumnavigating Lake Victoria and reporting the great outflow at Ripon Falls on the lake's northern shore. A wavy, lustrous pattern or decoration such as is imparted to linen, silk, metals, etc. three 3. ta-laa-ta. Europeans began to learn about the origins of the Nile in the fourteenth century when the Pope sent monks as emissaries to Mongolia who passed India, the Middle East and Africa, and described being told of the source of the Nile in Abyssinia (Ethiopia)[62][63] Later in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, travelers to Ethiopia visited Lake Tana and the source of the Blue Nile in the mountains south of the lake. Due to the tectonic uplift of the Nubian Swell, the river is then diverted to flow for over 300 km south-west following the structure of the Central African Shear Zone embracing the Bayuda Desert. Satellite imagery was used to identify dry watercourses in the desert to the west of the Nile. But it is also science. Multisector. Find more Arabic words at! Blog. (North America, in singular) Amniotic fluid. In: Science, New Series, Vol. Páez's account of the source of the Nile[65] is a long and vivid account of Ethiopia. Although Egypt has the great Nile River, which is the main supply of water, Egypt’s water is limited to 55.5 billion m3 per annum. (Practice makes perfect.) – Transportation of water in large quantities of ponds, canals, trenches and rivers. An anabranch river, the Bahr el Zeraf, flows out of the Nile's Bahr al Jabal section and rejoins the White Nile. Water is life – and life on earth is linked to water. (alchemy) One of the four basic elements. The Nile (iteru in Ancient Egyptian) has been the lifeline of civilization in Egypt since the Stone Age, with most of the population and all of the cities of Egypt resting along those parts of the Nile valley lying north of Aswan. This article examines the influence of water on public health throughout history. The Arab Water Council (AWC) was launched on 14 April 2004, as a regional non-profit organization with activities extended on both regional and international scales. Agriculture, industry and the population are heavily dependent on the Nile. The river's flow is disturbed at several points by the Cataracts of the Nile, which are sections of faster-flowing water with many small islands, shallow water, and rocks, which form an obstacle to navigation by boats. The last part of the approximately 200 kilometers (120 mi) river section starts from the western shores of the lake and flows at first to the west until just south of Masindi Port, where the river turns north, then makes a great half circle to the east and north until Karuma Falls. Most of the population and cities of Egypt lie along those parts of the Nile valley north of Aswan, and nearly all the cultural and historical sites of Ancient Egypt are found along river banks. It is the largest desert area on the continent—covering an area of about 900,000 square miles—and the second largest on Earth, surpassed in size only by the Sahara, in northern Africa. The annual sediment transport by the Nile in Egypt has been quantified.[39]. Lake Victoria was first sighted by Europeans in 1858 when British explorer John Hanning Speke reached its southern shore while traveling with Richard Francis Burton to explore central Africa and locate the great lakes. CAIRO- 27 November 2020: The Arab Ministerial Water Council called upon the Arab states to cooperate with the Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands (ACSAD) to make a digital database for the water resources in their countries. The Portuguese João Bermudes published the first description of the Tis Issat Falls in his 1565 memoirs, compared them to the Nile Falls alluded to in Cicero's De Republica. [77] From the 70 incidents of drought which took place between 1900 and 2012, 55 incidents took place in Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya and Tanzania. Ways to say water; Arabic: ماء [ma'an] Edit: Hebrew: מַיִם Edit: Kurdish (Kurmanji) av Edit: Persian: اب Edit European involvement in Egypt goes back to the time of Napoleon. North of Cairo, the Nile splits into two branches (or distributaries) that feed the Mediterranean: the Rosetta Branch to the west and the Damietta to the east, forming the Nile Delta. Arabian Desert, great desert region of extreme southwestern Asia that occupies almost the entire Arabian Peninsula. [57] Egyptian actor in hot water over selfies with Israelis Mohamed Ramadan faces calls for boycott after selfie shows him hugging Israeli signer Omer Adam in Dubai. Egypt actor Mohamed Ramadan in hot water after selfies with Israelis. Although James Bruce claimed to be the first European to have visited the headwaters,[64] modern writers give the credit to the Jesuit Pedro Páez. Egypt’s Prime Minister Sherif Ismail signed off on Wednesday to raise drinking water and sewage fees starting August by as much as 50 percent for consumers of all consumption tiers. With an estimated population of 22 … Just south of the town it has the confluence with the Achwa River. (uncountable) Tap water, or well/pump water, as opposed to bottled water. The Sobat River, which joins the Nile a short distance below Lake No, drains about half as much land, 225,000 km2 (86,900 sq mi), but contributes 412 cubic meters per second (14,500 cu ft/s) annually to the Nile. [48] Its remains are known as the Wadi Howar. Egyptian Arabic is spoken by about 50 million people residing in Egypt. Ancient Egypt, like modern Egypt) had several of bodies of waters. Without a better understanding about the availability of the future water resources of the Nile, it is possible that conflicts could arise between these countries relying on the Nile for their water supply, economic and social developments. In Egyptian Arabic, the Nile is called en-Nīl while in Standard Arabic it is called an-Nīl. After this came regular steam navigation of the river. The new prices for residential use range between LE0.45 to LE2.15 per cubic meter, depending on consumption, according to the price breakdown published on the Official Gazette. Each computer run postulated a set of reservoirs and operating equations for the release of water as a function of the month and the levels upstream. First Ring Road Bridge (Moneeb Crossing), Moorehead, Alan, "The White Nile" (Hamish Hamilton, 1960; revised and illustrated edition, 1971). An overview is given by: Carles Múrcia (2006). Before the placement of dams on the river the yearly discharge varied by a factor of 15 at Aswan. Today, Cleo Lingo will be explaining….how to talk about the summer in Egyptian Arabic. Water, a magic molecule, is not a challenge only for Egypt but the entire world, given the limited amount of fresh water available globally. One is that the integrated drainage of the Nile is of young age and that the Nile basin was formerly broken into series of separate basins, only the most northerly of which fed a river following the present course of the Nile in Egypt and Sudan. Whether you’re traveling in an Arabic-speaking country or conversing with Arabic speakers closer to home, the Rocket Arabic team will teach you how to talk about the climate and the current weather conditions in Arabic. Genre News and Politics … a facility that provides a source of water; "the town debated the purification of the water supply"; "first you have to cut off the water", a liquid necessary for the life of most animals and plants; "he asked for a drink of water", binary compound that occurs at room temperature as a clear colorless odorless tasteless liquid; freezes into ice below 0 degrees centigrade and boils above 100 degrees centigrade; widely used as a solvent, liquid excretory product; "there was blood in his urine"; "the child had to make water", once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles), the part of the earth's surface covered with water (such as a river or lake or ocean); "they invaded our territorial waters"; "they were sitting by the water's edge", fill with tears; "His eyes were watering", provide with water; "We watered the buffalo", secrete or form water, as tears or saliva; "My mouth watered at the prospect of a good dinner"; "His eyes watered", supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams; "Water the fields". [55], The other theory is that the drainage from Ethiopia via rivers equivalent to the Blue Nile, the Atbara and the Takazze flowed to the Mediterranean via the Egyptian Nile since well back into Tertiary times.[56]. Geography and Climate Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: سلطنة عُمان‎ Salṭanat Uman), is an Arab country on the … [20] Another derivation of Nile might be related to the term Nil (Sanskrit: नील, romanized: nila; Egyptian Arabic: نيلة‎),[16] which refers to Indigofera tinctoria, one of the original sources of indigo dye;[21] or Nymphaea caerulea, known as "The Sacred Blue Lily of the Nile", which was found scattered over Tutankhamen's corpse when it was located in 1922. During the dry period of January to June, it typically dries up north of Khartoum. It flows over six groups of cataracts, from the sixth at Sabaloka just north of Khartoum northward to Abu Hamed. There are two theories about the age of the integrated Nile.