Commodus didn’t really bother with the duties of being an … After Commodus was assassinated, a senator called Pertinax was chosen to replace him. Petrinax was acclaimed Emperor but he was later deposed, and this led to a series of civil wars that only ended with the rise of Septimius Severus. d. giving land to poor people. The megalomania of Commodus was not limited to the Colosseum. 0 2. Like emperors after him, one way Commodus kept power was by a. lowering taxes on wealthy people. The first, Sextus Tigidius Perennis, Commodus put to death after becoming convinced he was conspiring against him. Commodus in 180 AD. Aurelius’ physician, Galen, was tasked with looking after Commodus to ensure that he stayed healthy and well. See, D. Fishwick, The Imperial Cult in the Latin West (Leiden, 1987-91), 473. Commodus was the tenth of fourteen children born to Aurelius, and was ultimately the only surviving son. Commodus defeats his sister's coup but withdraws from governing, allowing others to amass power while he engages in an affair and banishes his wife. The next emperor was Publius Hevlius Pertinax, Rome’s city prefect. Even in his lifetime, it crippled the country. He was the son of the reigning emperor, Marcus Aurelius, and Aurelius's first cousin, Faustina the Younger, the youngest daughter of Emperor Antoninus Pius, who had died only a few months before. The prince of Rome, Commodus is the son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Gibbon, Edward. Whereas the reign of Marcus Aurelius had been marked by almost continuous warfare, Commodus' rule was comparatively peaceful in the military sense, but was also characterised by political strife and the increasingly arbitrary and capricious behaviour of the emperor himself. Ulpius Marcellus was replaced as governor of Britain by Pertinax; brought to Rome and tried for treason, Marcellus narrowly escaped death. Caesar M. Didius Severus Julianus Augustus) 193: Septimius Severus (Imp. Didius Julianus, the future emperor and a relative of Salvius Julianus, was dismissed from the governorship of Germania Inferior. There are a lot of reasons. ), and Earnest Cary. [5] He was the son of the reigning emperor, Marcus Aurelius, and Aurelius's first cousin, Faustina the Younger, the youngest daughter of Emperor Antoninus Pius, who had died only a few months before. 4 He Didn’t Actually Do Any Of His Duties. On 23 December 176, the two imperatores celebrated a joint triumph, and Commodus was given tribunician power. He succeeded Commodus to become the first emperor during the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors . The birth of a royal son was a big deal at the time: Commodus was the first (and for a very long time, the only) Roman emperor “born in the purple,” meaning born during his dad’s reign. The title Felix is first used by the emperor Commodus, and is used in the titles of almost all successive emperors to the fifth century. Statues were erected of the emperor depicted as the mythological hero all over the city, including one made of solid gold and weighing in at nearly 1,000 pounds. Reihe 4, Bd. Commodus (Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, 31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. b. freeing slaves who would support him. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded his father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. As an emperor, Commodus soon became a disappointment to Marcus Aurelius. At this point, the prefect Laetus formed a conspiracy with Eclectus to supplant Commodus with Pertinax, taking Marcia into their confidence. [29] According to Herodian, spectators of Commodus thought it unbecoming of an emperor to take up arms in the amphitheater for sport when he could be campaigning against barbarians among other opponents of Rome. He was badly deluded and narcissistic, a result of bei… The accession of the 19 year old Commodus upon the death of his father Marcus Aurelius on March 17, AD 180 is often considered a catalyst that sparked the initial decline of the Roman Empire. Perhaps seeing this as an opportunity, early in 192 Commodus, declaring himself the new Romulus, ritually re-founded Rome, renaming the city Colonia Lucia Annia Commodiana. As an emperor, Commodus soon became a disappointment to Marcus Aurelius. Commodus was a Roman emperor during the early years of the first millennium. Lv 7. His twin brother, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antonius, died at age four. On 31 December, Marcia poisoned Commodus' food but he vomited up the poison, so the conspirators sent his wrestling partner Narcissus to strangle him in his bath. They bungled the job and were seized by the emperor's bodyguard. During 191, the city of Rome was extensively damaged by a fire that raged for several days, during which many public buildings including the Temple of Pax, the Temple of Vesta, and parts of the imperial palace were destroyed. [24] On his father's death in 180, Commodus changed this to Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Commodus, before changing back to his birth name in 191.[1]. Commodus is known to have been at Carnuntum, the headquarters of Marcus Aurelius during the Marcomannic Wars, in 172. Unlike the other senators who were more than happy to see one of themselves on the throne, the Praetorian Guards were not that thrilled. Usapyon (Japanese: USA (うさ)ピョン, USApyon) is a Rank B, Ice-attribute 'Merican Yo-kai of the Shady tribe and the Uwanosora tribe starting in Yo-kai Watch 4. Roman History. Moreover, as Hercules, he could claim to be the son of Jupiter, the supreme god of the Roman pantheon. Pertinax. Emperor. [22][23], His original name was Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus. I mean, he ruled as emperor for 12 years before being assassinated, and he co-ruled with Marcus Aurelius for three years before that. One Roman who lived through Commodus’s reign complained that he had brought Rome “from a … Essentially you became emperor in that era through being able to … [21] Another event—as recorded by the historian Aelius Lampridius—took place at the Roman baths at Terme Taurine, where the emperor had an attendant thrown into an oven after he found his bathwater to be lukewarm. Unfortunately Pertinax miscalculated when he tried to reign in the Praetorian Guard. One such notable event was the attempted extermination of the house of the Quinctilii. Caesar P. Helvius Pertinax Augustus) 193: Didius Julianus (Imp. In 186 he further reduced the purity and silver weight to 74 percent and 2.22 grams respectively, being 108 to the Roman pound. Silver Spoon in Mouth Born on August 31, 161 AD, to Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and his wife Faustina, Commodus was the apple of his father’s eye. Tiberius (Ti. Just as Marcus Aurelius was ready to revise his succession, Commodus strangled Aurelius, killing him and usurping the throne by convincing everyone that Aurelius had died of natural causes. Since there were no familial candidates, they chose a former teacher and military commander, Publius Helvius Pertinax. Commodus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192 CE) was the emperor of Rome between 180–192 CE. [39] Finally, Commodus killed a giraffe, which was considered to be a strange and helpless beast.[40]. An inscribed altar from Dura-Europos on the Euphrates shows that Commodus' titles and the renaming of the months were disseminated to the furthest reaches of the Empire; moreover, that even auxiliary military units received the title Commodiana, and that Commodus claimed two additional titles: Pacator Orbis (pacifier of the world) and Dominus Noster (Our Lord). Muller Edition 1.15.7, Echols, Edward C. "Herodian of Antioch's History of the Roman Empire." Commodus was born in 161, the son of the popular and highly respected emperor Marcus Aurelius and his wife Faustina the Younger. He also declared himself to be an incarnation of the god Hercules and forced the senate to recognize his divinity. 8 years ago. The latter eventually would be used as a conventional title by Roman emperors, starting about a century later, but Commodus seems to have been the first to assume it.[25]. Source(s): College. Silver Spoon in Mouth. Commodus was an emperor that spent too much money on Gladitoral Games. [17], Thus, he presented himself as the fountainhead of the Empire, Roman life, and religion. The executions of the senators had whet his appetite for blood and he devoted himself “to combats of wild beasts and of men.” Not merely content to hunt in private, the emperor began to perform in the Colosseum itself, competing as a gladiator to the delight of the crowds and horror of the senate, as depicted in Gladiator. He took the throne as regent, but was killed by Maximus in the Colosseum. The Colosseum, Rome. A small group of conspirators, including the emperor’s chamberlain and mistress, Marcia, decided to kill him. Commodus was born in 161 AD near Rome, the son of Marcus Aurelius, the wise ruling emperor. Speidel, "Commodus the God-Emperor and the Army,", This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 00:00. Source(s): College. According to Dio Cassius, Perennis, though ruthless and ambitious, was not personally corrupt and generally administered the state well.[16]. Commodus as Hercules. During Yo-kai Watch 3 he met and became the partner of Hailey Anne Thomas. In opposition to the Senate, in his pronouncements and iconography, Commodus had always stressed his unique status as a source of god-like power, liberality, and physical prowess. Husband of Ulpia Marciana: Levick (2014), p. 161. 16. Commodus indeed led the troops in the wars on the Danube together with his father from AD 178, until the death of Marcus Aurelius in AD 180. Pompeianus retired from public life. In 187, one of the leaders of the deserters, Maternus, came from Gaul intending to assassinate Commodus at the Festival of the Great Goddess in March, but he was betrayed and executed. [19], Cassius Dio, a first-hand witness, describes him as "not naturally wicked but, on the contrary, as guileless as any man that ever lived. Grant, Michael. Commodus' death marked the end of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty. Harvard University Press, 1961, 73.10.3, Dio Cassius 73.20.3, Loeb edition translated E. Cary, Gibbon p.. 106 "disgorged at once a hundred lions; a hundred darts". Her husband, Pompeianus, was not involved, but two men alleged to have been her lovers, Marcus Ummidius Quadratus Annianus (the consul of 167, who was also her first cousin) and Appius Claudius Quintianus, attempted to murder Commodus as he entered a theater. Methuen, 1898. Usapyon is the third mascot for the Yo-kai Watch franchise as well as the mascot for Yo-kai Watch Blasters: Moon Rabbit Crew. It was presumably there that, on 15 October 172, he was given the victory title Germanicus, in the presence of the army. After those attempts on his life, Commodus spent much of his time outside Rome, mostly on the family estates at Lanuvium. Emperor. Disdaining the more philosophic inclinations of his father, Commodus was extremely proud of his physical prowess. In the same year, Pertinax unmasked a conspiracy by two enemies of Cleander – Antistius Burrus (one of Commodus' brothers-in-law) and Arrius Antoninus. By 192 A.D., the Roman people had had enough. Commodus was the son of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.He was the brother of Princess Lucilla, and uncle of Lucius.He later killed his father after he announced that General Maximus Meridius would be his successor. The benevolent emperor Claudius who improved Rome with public works was followed by his stepson Nero, who infamously burnt it to the ground. Marcus Aurelius … He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. Innumerable statues around the empire were set up portraying him in the guise of Hercules, reinforcing the image of him as a demigod, a physical giant, a protector, and a warrior who fought against men and beasts (see "Commodus and Hercules" and "Commodus the Gladiator" below). The emperor Titus Flavian completed the Colosseum and endeared himself to the public with his generosity only to have his good works undone by his brother Domitian, who was assassinated by his own court. A bust of Roman Emperor Commodus, styled as if he were a reincarnation of Hercules, which is precisely what he believed himself to be. The first attempt used poisoned meat, but Commodus vomited it up. While co-Emperor, Commodus became the youngest consul up until that point in Roman history. According to Cassius Dio, Commodus once killed 100 lions in a single day. fascinating facts from the entirety of ancient history. We also gave a course on Discovering Our Ancient Routes in the Mediterranean. During the preparations for the campaign against Cassius, Commodus assumed his toga virilis on the Danubian front on 7 July 175, thus formally entering adulthood. Sources diverge on the origins of the conspiracy, with some claiming Lucilla was jealous of Commodus’ wife Crispina (incest between Commodus and Lucilla is suggested in Gladiator) while others maintain she saw the first warning signs of her brother’s mental instability. [34][clarification needed] For each appearance in the arena, he charged the city of Rome a million sesterces, straining the Roman economy. Caesar L. Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus) 193-211: Clodius Albinus (Imp. [6][7] The latter died in 169 having failed to recover from an operation, which left Commodus as Marcus Aurelius's sole surviving son. Commodus subsequently accompanied his father on a lengthy trip to the Eastern provinces, during which he visited Antioch. His tale wasn't believed and he was immediately put to death. [12] His reduction of the denarius during his rule was the largest since the empire's first devaluation during Nero's reign. From an early age he displayed signs of megalomania and he heeded no-one apart from his father. Despite his notoriety, and considering the importance of his reign, Commodus' years in power are not well chronicled. He would be the first emperor born while his father was the emperor and the last to inherit the throne as the previous five emperors (including Marcus) had obtained the throne through adoption. Heinz, W. (1986). Commodus was awarded the title of Augustus in 177 by Aurelius, making him co-emperor of Rome. Caesar Augustus) 27 BC-AD 14. Then, discover the most fascinating facts from the entirety of ancient history. … On 15 October 184 at the Capitoline Games, a Cynic philosopher publicly denounced Perennis before Commodus. Except where otherwise noted, the notes below indicate that an individual's parentage is as shown in the above family tree. [26] As mentioned above, he ordered many statues to be made showing him dressed as Hercules with a lion's hide and a club. Commodus: The True Story Of The Mad Roman Emperor Immortalized In ‘Gladiator’, Commodus exposes Lucilla’s plot in this scene from, Commodus is confronted by Maximus in the arena in this scene from. On 1 January 177, Commodus became consul for the first time, which made him, aged 15, the youngest consul in Roman history up to that time. These tendencies now increased to megalomaniacal proportions. The Roman Emperors (1985) p. 99. Pertinax succeeded him but only for about three months. Commodus (31 August 161-31 December 192) was the Emperor of the Roman Empire from 180 to 192, succeeding Marcus Aurelius and preceding Pertinax.. Nevertheless, though the senatorial order came to hate and fear him, the evidence suggests that he remained popular with the army and the common people for much of his reign, not least because of his lavish shows of largesse (recorded on his coinage) and because he staged and took part in spectacular gladiatorial combats. Sister of Trajan's father: Giacosa (1977), p. 7. On 20 January 175, Commodus entered the College of Pontiffs, the starting point of a career in public life. He even had the temerity to name the months of the year after himself. [32] Citizens of Rome missing their feet through accident or illness were taken to the arena, where they were tethered together for Commodus to club to death while pretending they were giants. (MARCUS AURELIUS COMMODUS ANTONINUS).. Roman Emperor, born 161; died at Rome, 31 December, 192.He was the son of Marcus Aurelius and Anna Faustina, and was the first among the Roman emperors to enjoy the distinction of being born in the purple.. His reign, 180-193, was the turning-point in the greatness of Rome.Some historians have attempted to exonerate Commodus from the charge of … Cassius Dio recorded one incident where, after becoming tired out, Commodus ordered a cup of chilled wine to him and “drank it at one gulp.” In an amusing anecdote, Dio continued, “At this both the populace and we senators all immediately shouted out the words so familiar at drinking-bouts, ‘Long life to you!'”. He executed the two would-be assassins along with a group of prominent senators who were also allegedly involved while Lucilla was exiled to Capri before also being killed on her brother’s orders a year later. 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